FRAU 160 CM 100 KG

COVID-19: Obesity and Excess Weight increase Severe disease Risk; Racial und Ethnic Disparities Persist


Body mass index (BMI) zu sein a person’s weight bei kilograms divided über the square des height bei meters. Bmi is in inexpensive und easy raffinesse method weil das weight category—underweight, gesund weight, overweight, und obesity.

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BMI does notfall measure human body fat directly, but bmi is moderately associated with more direct measures of body fat 1,2,3. Furthermore, bmi appears zu be as strongly correlated with miscellaneous metabolic and disease result as room these more direct measures des body fatness4,5,6,7,8,9.

just how is bmi used?

BMI kann be a screening tool, yet it go not diagnose the body fatness or health of bei individual. To determine if bmi is a health risk, a health care provider performs more assessments. Such assessments encompass skinfold thickness measurements, evaluations von diet, physics activity, and family history10.

What are the bmi trends weil das adults in the united States?

The prevalence des adult bmi greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (obese status) has greatly increased since the 1970s. Recently, however, this trend has actually leveled off, except zum older women. Obesity has actually continued kommen sie increase an adult women who are age 60 years and older.

To learn much more about the trends of adult obesity, visit Adult obesity Facts.

Why is bmi used to measure overweight und obesity?

Because calculation requires just height und weight, bmi is an inexpensive and easy tool. To lakers the formula based upon either kilograms und meters or pounds und inches, visit just how is bmi calculated?

What are other ways to assess excess body fatness besides BMI?

Other methods zu measure human body fatness include skinfold thickness dimensions (with calipers), underwater weighing, bioelectrical impedance, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and isotope dilution 1,2,3. However, these approaches are not always conveniently available, und they room either high value or need zu be conducted von highly trained personnel. Furthermore, many von these methods can be difficult zu standardize throughout observers or machines, complicating comparisons throughout studies and time periods.

how is bmi calculated?

BMI is calculated die same way weil das both adults and children. The calculation is based on ns following formulas:

BMI ist calculated die same way zum both adults and children. Ns calculation ist based on ns following formulas:Measurement UnitsFormula und CalculationKilograms and meters (or centimeters)Pounds und inches
Formula: weight (kg) / 2

With die metric system, die formula for bmi is weight an kilograms divided by height in meters squared. Since height ist commonly measured bei centimeters, division height an centimeters über 100 to obtain height bei meters.

Example: weight = 68 kg, elevation = 165 centimeter (1.65 m)Calculation: 68 ÷ (1.65)2 = 24.98

Formula: load (lb) / 2 x 703

Calculate bmi by splitting weight in pounds (lbs) von height bei inches (in) squared and multiplying von a conversion factor des 703.

Example: load = 150 lbs, elevation = 5’5″ (65″)Calculation: <150 ÷ (65)2> ns 703 = 24.96

just how is bmi interpreted weil das adults?

For adults twenty years old and older, bmi is construed using conventional weight status categories. This categories are ns same weil das men und women des all human body types and ages.

The traditional weight status categories relevant with bmi ranges zum adults room shown bei the following table.BMIWeight Status
Below 18.5Underweight
18.5 – 24.9Healthy Weight
25.0 – 29.9Overweight
30.0 and AboveObesity

For example, right here are the weight ranges, ns corresponding bmi ranges, und the weight status categories for a personen who ist 5′ 9″.

For example, right here are the weight ranges, ns corresponding bmi ranges, und the weight status categories zum a person who ist 5′ 9″.HeightWeight RangeBMIWeight Status
5′ 9″124 lbs or lessBelow 18.5Underweight
125 lbs to 168 lbs18.5 to 24.9Healthy Weight
169 lbs kommen sie 202 lbs25.0 zu 29.9Overweight
203 lbs or more30 or higherObesity

For children and teens, ns interpretation of bmi depends upon age and sex. Zum more die info about interpretation weil das children and teens, read – What ist a bmi percentile and how is it interpreted?

Is bmi interpreted ns same way zum children and teens as it is zum adults?

BMI ist interpreted differently zum children and teens, also though it zu sein calculated using ns same formula together adult BMI. Children und teen’s bmi need to be age und sex-specific because ns amount von body fat transforms with age und the amount von body fat differs between girls and boys. The BMI-for-age development charts take right into account these differences und visually show bmi as a percentile ranking. These percentiles were established using representative data of ns U.S. Population of 2- kommen sie 19-year-olds that was collected bei various surveys from 1963-65 kommen sie 1988-9411.

Obesity among 2- kommen sie 19-year-olds ist defined as a bmi at or above die 95th percentile of children des the very same age und sex bei this 1963 kommen sie 1994 recommendation population. Zum example, a 10-year-old boy of average elevation (56 inches) that weighs 102 pounds would oase a bmi of 22.9 kg/m2. This would place the boy bei the 95th percentile for bmi – definition that his bmi is greater than that von 95% von similarly age boys in this reference population – und he would be taken into consideration to have obesity.

For an ext information and to access ns growth Charts

For adults, die interpretation of bmi does not depend on geschlecht or age. Read much more about interpreting adult BMI.

How an excellent is bmi as an indicator of body fatness?

The correlation betwee the BMI and body fatness is fairly strong1,2,3,7, yet even if two people schutz the exact same BMI, their level des body fatness may differ12.

In general,

At the same BMI, frauen tend to have more human body fat 보다 men.At die same BMI, Blacks oase less body fat than carry out Whites13,14, and Asians have more human body fat than perform Whites15.At die same BMI, enlarge people, on average, have tendency to oase more body fat 보다 younger adults.At ns same BMI, athletes schutz less human body fat than execute non-athletes.

The accuracy of bmi as bei indicator von body fatness deshalb appears to be higher an persons with greater levels von BMI and body fatness16. While, a person with a really high bmi (e.g., 35 kg/m2) ist very likely to oase high human body fat, a relatively high bmi can be die results of either high body fat or high skinny body massive (muscle und bone). A trained healthcare provider must perform proper health assessments zu evaluate in individual’s wellness status und risks.

If an athlete or other person with a last of muscle has actually a bmi over 25, is that person ausblüten considered zu be overweight?

According zu the bmi weight status categories, anyone v a BMI between 25 und 29.9 would be classified as overweight and anyone through a bmi over 30 would be classified as having actually obesity.

However, athletes may have a high bmi because of increased muscularity quite than raised body fatness. In general, a personen who has a high bmi is most likely to schutz body fatness and would be considered kommen sie be overweight or obese, however this may not apply zu athletes. A trained medical care provider must perform ideal health assessments kommen sie evaluate an individual’s health and wellness status und risks.

What are die health consequences des obesity zum adults?

People who oase obesity are hinweisen increased risk zum many diseases and health conditions, including die following: 10, 17, 18

All-causes des death (mortality)High blood press (hypertension)High LDL cholesterol, short HDL cholesterol, or high levels von triglycerides (dyslipidemia)Type 2 diabetesCoronary love diseaseStrokeGallbladder diseaseOsteoarthritis (a breakdown des cartilage und bone in ~ a joint)Sleep apnea and breathing problemsChronic inflammation and increased oxidative stress19,20Some cancers (endometrial, breast, colon, kidney, gallbladder, and liver)Low quality of lifeMental condition such together clinical depression, anxiety, und other mental disorders21,22Body pain und difficulty with physical functioning23

For more die info about these and other wellness problems damit verbundenen with obesity, visit health and wellness Effects.

1Garrow, J.S. & Webster, J., 1985. Quetelet’s index (W/H2) together a measure des fatness. Int. J. Obes., 9(2), pp.147–153.

2Freedman, D.S., Horlick, M. & Berenson, G.S., 2013. A comparison des the Slaughter skinfold-thickness equations and BMI in predicting body fatness and cardiovascular an illness risk element levels bei children. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 98(6), pp.1417–24.

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3Wohlfahrt-Veje, C. Et al., 2014. Body fat throughout childhood in 2647 healthy Danish children: agreement von BMI, waist circumference, skinfolds with doppel X-ray absorptiometry. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr., 68(6), pp.664–70.

4Steinberger, J. Et al., 2005. Comparison of body fatness measurements von BMI und skinfolds vs dual energy X-ray absorptiometry und their relation zu cardiovascular threat factors bei adolescents. Int. J. Obes., 29(11), pp.1346–1352.

5Sun, Q. Et al., 2010. Comparison des dual-energy x-ray absorptiometric and anthropometric measures des adiposity in relation kommen sie adiposity-related biology factors. Am. J. Epidemiol., 172(12), pp.1442–1454.

6Lawlor, D.A. Et al., 2010. Verband between general und central adiposity bei childhood, und change bei these, through cardiovascular threat factors an adolescence: prospective cohort study. BMJ, 341, p.c6224.

7Flegal, K.M. & Graubard, B.I., 2009. Estimates des excess deaths verbunden with human body mass index und other anthropometric variables. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 89(4), pp.1213–1219.

8Freedman, D.S. Et al., 2009. Relation von body fixed index und skinfold thicknesses kommen sie cardiovascular an illness risk factors in children: ns Bogalusa heart Study. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 90(1), pp.210–216.

9Willett, K. Et al., 2006. Comparison von bioelectrical impedance and BMI in predicting obesity-related medical conditions. Obes. (Silver Spring), 14(3), pp.480–490.

10NHLBI. 2013. Controlling Overweight und Obesity in Adults: Systematic proof Review from ns Obesity fachmann Panelpdf iconexternal icon

11Kuczmarski, R.J. Et al., 2002. 2000 expansion Charts for the blume States: methods und development. Vital wellness Stat. 11., 11(246), pp.1–190.

12Prentice, A.M. & Jebb, S.A., 2001. Past body massive index. Obes. Rev., 2(3), pp.141–7.

13Wagner, D.R. & Heyward, V.H., 2000. Measures des body composition bei blacks and whites: a comparative review. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 71(6), pp.1392–1402.

14Flegal, K.M. Et al., 2010. High adiposity und high human body mass index-for-age in US children und adolescents overall und by race-ethnic group. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 91(4), pp.1020–6.

15Barba, C. Et al., 2004. Suitable body-mass index weil das Asian populations and its implications weil das policy and intervention strategies. Lancet, 363(9403), pp.157–163.

16Bray, G.A. Et al., 2001. Evaluation des body fat bei fatter und leaner 10-y-old african American und white children: the Baton Rouge Children’s Study. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 73(4), pp.687–702.

17Clinical guidelines on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight und Obesity an Adults pdf iconexternal icon.

18Bhaskaran K, Douglas I, Forbes H, dos-Santos-Silva I, Leon DA, Smeeth L. Body-mass index and risk von 22 particular cancers: a population-based cohort study of 5•24 million UK adults. Lancet. 2014 Aug 30;384(9945):755-65. Doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60892-8. Epub 2014 Aug 13.

19Engstrom G, Hedblad B, Stavenow L, Lind P, Janzon L and Lingarde F. Inflammation- perceptible plasma protein are verbunden with future load gain. Diabetes. Aug 2003; 52(08): 2097-101.

20Marseglia L, Manti S, D’Angelo G, Nicotera A, Parisi E, DiRosa G, Gitto E, Arrigo T. Oxidative stress in obesity: a vital component in human diseases. International Journal von Molecular Sciences. Dec 2014; 16(1):378-400.

21Kasen, Stephanie, et al. “Obesity und psychopathology in women: a three decade prospective study.” International journal of Obesity 32.3 (2008): 558-566.

22Luppino, Floriana S., et al. “Overweight, obesity, and depression: a methodical review und meta-analysis von longitudinal studies.” Archives von general psychiatry 67.3 (2010): 220-229.

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23Han, T. S., et al. “Quality von life in relation zu overweight and body fat distribution.” American tagebuch of public Health 88.12 (1998): 1814-1820.

Content source: Division of Nutrition, physics Activity, and Obesity, national Center weil das Chronic an illness Prevention und Health Promotion
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